Platanus x Acerifolia (London Plane (2023)

The Platanus x Acerifolia, also more commonly known as the London Plane, is the same plant as the Hispanica. It has a rather interesting history. The actual plant species was formed by accidental hybridisation due to the close proximity of P. Orientalis and P. Occidentalis. It is said to have happened in Spain during the mid 17th century but there are beliefs that state it happened in Vauxhall Gardens in London where John Tradescant the Younger discovered the tree. The actual plant itself has an inconspicuous flower but starts to grow fruit in the winter time. Well drained soil is recommended for this plant and make sure to avoid planting in the vicinity of other buildings. The plant is Hardy at (H6) and is good throughout the UK climate although if on an emergency cold snap, its always best to shelter the plant. It is better to use these plants for City and Courtyard Gardens Coastal. This plant is generally disease and pest free so you don’t have to worry too much. A once a year prune is also recommended. The eventual plant width is between 90 cm – 1.5 m (2.9 ft – 4.5 ft)and the final height is about between 1.8 m – 2 m (5.9 ft – 6.6 ft).

Latin Name:Platanus x Acerifolia
English Name:London Plane, Maple-Leaved Plane
Foliage Type:Deciduous
Flowering Period:Fruit growth in Winter

Suggested Location:Outdoor.
Suggested Soil Type:Well-Drained. Clay, Chalk, Loam, Sand
Cultivation:Easy to grow in moist, humus-rich, fertile soils but avoid planting in the vacinity of buildings due to vigorous root system
Propagation:Propagate from hardwood cuttings in winter or suckers in autumn or late winter
Suggested Exposure to Sunlight:Full Sunlight
Suggested Exposure to Weather:Sheltered or Exposed.
Hardiness Rating:Hardy (H6)
Pruning:Pruning group 1
Lowest Temperature Tolerance:-20 °C to -15 °C (-4 °F to 5 °F)
Suggested Uses:City & Courtyard Gardens Coastal
Pests:Generally pest free
Diseases:Generally disease free
Maintenance:Prune once a year
Growth Habit:Bushy
Growth Speed:Fast
Eventual Spread:90 cm – 1.5 m (2.9 ft – 4.5 ft)
Final Height:1.8 m – 2 m (5.9 ft – 6.6 ft)
Delivery Cost:This is calculated based on the total size, weight and quantity of your order, as well as the location of your delivery address. You will see the final price at the Online Checkout Page (before making payment) – our website will automatically calculate the lowest possible delivery price and apply discounts to orders of certain products – giving you the best value delivery every time!

Please note that high-volume orders will decrease your delivery costs significantly by spreading the price across multiple items. Visit our Delivery Policy page for more information.

Pot SizePot DiameterPot Height
5 Litre15 cm6"18 cm7"
7 Litre18 cm7"20 cm8"
10 Litre22 cm9"24 cm9"
15 Litre25 cm10"27 cm11"
20 Litre28 cm11"31 cm12"
25 Litre31 cm12"33 cm13"
30 Litre34 cm13"31 cm12"
40 Litre39 cm15"36 cm14"
50 Litre44 cm17"40 cm16"
70 Litre50 cm20"46 cm18"
85 Litre55 cm22"46 cm18"
100 Litre60 cm24"40 cm16"
110 Litre60 cm24"49 cm19"
130 Litre65 cm26"50 cm20"
150 Litre80 cm32"32 cm13"
170 Litre80 cm30"50 cm20"
230 Litre80 cm32"54 cm21"
240 Litre85 cm30"63 cm25"
290 Litre90 cm35"56 cm22"
350 Litre90 cm35"72 cm28"
500 Litre Deep93 cm37"81 cm32"
500 LitreShallow110 cm43"65 cm26"
750 Litre113 cm45"79 cm31"
1000 Litre130 cm51"86 cm34"
1500 Litre147 cm58"100 cm39"

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Platanus x Acerifolia (London Plane (1)

(Video) London Plane tree (Platanus x acerifolia)

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Platanus x Acerifolia (London Plane (2)

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(Video) Platanus x acerifolia - London Planetree

Garden Plants Online is committed to making things easy – bringing beautiful plants and trees direct to your door whilst keeping our delivery costs to a minimum.

Where do you deliver to?We can deliver to almost anywhere in the United Kingdom (including Northern Ireland) and the Republic of Ireland. We don’t usually ship orders to Continental Europe, however if you’d like to make a special request, we may be able to arrange it. Please get in touch prior to placing your order so that we can quote you an accurate cost of delivery.

You can telephone us on 0203 1375 159or send an email to

Can I collect my order?Our nursery in Southern England is a wholesale warehouse and is not generally open for public visits. However, if you would like to collect your purchases from us directly, please get in touch to arrange an appointment.

You can telephone us on 0203 1375 159or send an email to

How quickly can you deliver?We aim to dispatch orders within 3-5 days if the product is in stock at our UK nursery. Delivery of items sourced from our Italian nursery usually take between 7-20 days to arrive.

During the spring and summer seasons, we operate a regular shuttle between our nurseries in the UK and Italy departing every 2 weeks. During the autumn and winter seasons, this movement of stock slows down to once a month.

How do you deliver?In order to deliver your purchases in the most cost efficient way, we use different methods depending on the size, weight and quantity of your order, as well as the location of the delivery address.

(Video) How to grow London Plane trees PART 1

How much will my delivery cost?When you reach the Online Checkout Page, our website will automatically calculate the lowest possible delivery price based on the size, weight and quantity of your purchases as well as the location of the delivery address. The website will also automatically apply discounts to orders of certain product types – giving you the best value delivery every time!

Courier Delivery of Small ItemsAny individual purchases of less than 20 kg in weight and less than 50 cm in height and that are suitable to be packaged in a box, can be shipped using a 24 Hour courier service such as DHL, DPD or APC.

The cost of these deliveries is usually between £9 - £15 per package.

Courier Delivery of Larger ItemsOrders containing items that are between 20 kg – 500 kg in weight and are less than 200 cm in height, can be shipped using a 24 Hour courier which operates a “manual handling” service. This is because heavy and bulky items cannot be processed automatically at the Sorting Centres of companies such as DHL, DPD or APC. Delivering heavy or bulky items may also require specialist lifting equipment and extra care.

The cost of these deliveries is usually between £15 - £50 per order.

Courier Delivery of Large Quantity OrdersOrders containing a multiple number of items and travelling less than 100 miles from our UK Nursery (near the town of Horsham in Surrey) will either be delivered using our own vehicles or the National Pallet Line courier service (whichever is better value for you).

The cost of these deliveries is usually between £40 - £60 per pallet.

Delivery to locations more than 100 miles from our UK NurseryWherever possible, we usually use our own delivery vans for orders travelling less than 100 miles from our UK Nursery (near the town of Woking in Surrey). Deliveries beyond this 100 mile radius will be sent using the courier services explained above.

Delivery of Large or Heavy Items less than 200 miles from our UK NurseryIf your order contains a number of heavy and/or bulky items, it may not be cost efficient to send them via an external courier service such as DHL, DPD or APC. Instead, we operate a few of our own large-wheelbase vehicles such as Mercedes Sprinter and Ford Transit Luton vans to fulfil orders than are less than 200 miles from our UK Nursery (near the town of Horsham in Surrey).

If your order contains items that are more than 200cm in height, or multiple heavy items, then the most practical (and cost effective) method of delivery is to use our own vehicles. Your delivery cost will be calculated based on the fuel consumption of the vehicle and the daily wage of our delivery driver

(Video) London planetree (Platanus x acerifolia)

The cost of these large deliveries is usually between £200 - £400 per order.

What is your delivery process?After you place an order with us, we will keep you informed about the status of your order. We will attempt to contact you in the 24 hours before your planned delivery date – to confirm that you are ready to receive the delivery and to arrange a 2 hour time slot for delivery.

Our driver will deliver your order to the most suitable access point at the property and unload your items to a convenient place.

If you are not present at the time of delivery, our driver will still fulfil your order if it is safe to do so. Prior to delivery you can arrange with us to deliver to the property next door, or to a similar safe location.

If you foresee any possible problems or difficulties to the delivery of your purchases, please get in touch so that we can make arrangements to ensure the smooth arrival of your items.

You can telephone us on 0203 1375 159or send an email to

What if I missed my delivery?We always attempt to contact our customers before dispatching an order – to confirm that you are ready to receive the delivery, to arrange a 2 hour time slot and to agree upon a safe and suitable place to unload your items at the property.

In the unlikely event that a delivery cannot be fulfilled due to circumstances beyond the control of Garden Plants Online and which are dependent upon responsibilities of the customer, it may be necessary to arrange a second delivery at extra cost to the customer.

What if there’s something wrong with my delivery?We take customer service very seriously and will do everything in our power to rectify mistakes and replace missing or damaged items.

Please contact us within 48 hours of delivery by sending an email with details of your concern to you can telephone us on 0203 1375 159

(Video) The London Plane Tree - Plant Profile

Your claim may be rejected if we do not hear from you within 48 hours of your delivery date.

What if I still have more questions?You can telephone us on 0203 1375 159or send an email to

Legal StatementAll delivery times quoted throughout this website are estimates only and whilst we will endeavour to meet or beat them, they cannot be guaranteed.


What is the leaf arrangement of Platanus x Acerifolia? ›

Broadleaf deciduous tree, 70-100 ft (21-30 m), open, spreading with age. Bark exfoliates and is cream, olive, light brown, best asset of the tree. Leaves alternate, simple, 3-5 lobed, 15-18 cm x 20-25 cm, triangular-ovate or broad triangular, margins may be toothed to entire.

What is the difference between London plane and sycamore fruit? ›

London plane-tree may be distinguished from the closely related American sycamore by the number of fruit clusters, and the bark. London plane-tree typically bears its round fruit clusters in groups of 2, while American sycamore usually bears solitary fruit clusters.

How fast does a London plane tree grow? ›

Growth Rate

This tree grows at a medium rate, with height increases of 13–24" per year.

What is the common name for Platanus X Acerifolia? ›

Platanus × acerifolia, commonly called London planetree, is a hybrid cross between American sycamore (P. occidentalis) and Oriental planetree (P. orientalis).

What is the leaf pattern or arrangement? ›

Leaf Arrangement

The arrangement of leaves on a stem is known as phyllotaxy. The number and placement of a plant's leaves will vary depending on the species, with each species exhibiting a characteristic leaf arrangement. Leaves are classified as either alternate, spiral, opposite, or whorled.

What are the patterns in leaf arrangement? ›

Common leaf arrangement patterns are distichous (regular 180 degrees, bamboo), Fibonacci spiral (regular 137.5 degrees, the succulent Graptopetalum paraguayense), decussate (regular 90 degrees, the herb basil), and tricussate (regular 60 degrees, Nerium oleander sometimes known as dogbane).

Should I plant a London plane tree? ›

This large tree should be planted at least 30 feet away from homes or other structures, and not too close to sidewalks, walls, or fences. Moreover, its massive size and messy growth habit from fallen leaves, twigs, bark, and fruit make the London plane unsuitable for all but the largest residential landscapes.

Are London plane trees good street trees? ›

A crossbreed of American sycamore and oriental Plane tree, it can withstand the rigors of urban life, including streets and parking lot islands, and is widely considered to be the world's most reliable city tree. along city streets worldwide.

Do London plane trees have invasive roots? ›

Its roots are so tough and aggressive, that it can lift sidewalks and curbs, invade sewer pipes, and crack building foundations.

How far to plant London plane tree from a house? ›

Given its size, care should be taken to plant a London plane in a space where it can fully express it's beauty. This includes keeping it 30 feet away from structures and providing ample rooting space and avoiding areas with underground utilities.

Can you prune a London plane tree? ›

If you want to promote a tall trunk then the best time to prune a London plane tree is in June, removing the lowest branches. When you are looking to refine the shape of the crown and undertake formative pruning, the best time to do this is between October and February.

Do London plane trees need a lot of water? ›

London plane trees need water about two times per month depending upon weather conditions. Turn off the water when it starts to run off. Let the water soak in and start watering again. Repeat this cycle until the soil is wet down to 18-24 inches (45.5-61 cm.).

Why are London plane trees good? ›

London plane is valued for its ability to adapt to urban conditions and its resistance to pollution, and is therefore widely planted as a street tree in large cities, particularly London.

Do London plane trees cause allergies? ›

In addition to pollen, London plane trees also have trichomes and achene fibers, which can cause respiratory and eye symptoms due to irritation. It especially affects asthmatics and has a prevalence of 40% among allergy sufferers.

Do plane trees grow in the US? ›

These large trees are native in North America, eastern Europe, and Asia and are characterized by scaling bark; large, deciduous, usually palmately lobed leaves; and globose heads of flower and seed. The plane trees bear flowers of both sexes on the same tree but in different clusters.

What tree has two types of leaves? ›

Redwoods, it turns out, have two types of leaves that look different and perform very different tasks. This previously unknown feature helps the trees adapt to both wet and dry conditions – an ability that could be key to their survival in a changing climate.

What is the most common leaf pattern? ›

The most common shapes include oval, truncate, elliptical, lancolate, and linear. Leaf tips and bases may also be unique, with names based on their shapes. Leaf arrangement is mainly limited to two basic petiole attachments: simple and compound.

What causes leaf pattern? ›

The patterned colour of leaves is called variegation – it is a reduction in pigmentation due to inherited (that is, genetic) characteristics of the plant, random mutations or viruses.

Do London plane trees leaf out late? ›

They emerge in late spring, most dropping in December, although a few may persist until very late winter. Plane tree flowers emerge in late May or early June about the same time that the leaves show.

Why is my London plane tree losing leaves? ›

This fungal disease is responsible for the shoot dieback and premature leaf fall that affects London plane trees in some years. Other plane species vary in their susceptibility. Whilst the disease can be unsightly, and the early leaf fall alarming, affected trees usually recover.

What pH should London plane soil be? ›

Fertile and well-drained soil is the best choice for growing london Plane. The ideal soil pH value is between 6.1-7.8, which means slightly acidic to neutral soil.

How big do London plane trees get? ›

London plane tree is a hybrid cross of American sycamore and Oriental planetree. It is a large deciduous shade tree that is generally pyramidal when young and becomes open and spreads with age. It may grow to a height of 70 to 100 feet tall and 60 to 75 feet wide.

Do London plane trees clean the air? ›

They don't absorb it, but pollution particles do get stuck to the bark and trapped in the hairs on the leaves. A 2011 study estimated that every year, trees in Greater London remove 850 to 2,000 tonnes of PM10 pollution particles, which are the type considered harmful to humans.

What tree is similar to London plane? ›

The London plane and American sycamore trees are similar in appearance, so it's easy to confuse them when they pop up together. They both have the same shape of leaves and a generally upright form. However, mature trees can be easily distinguished by looking at their bark and seeds.

How do you keep a plane tree small? ›

When you do not prune your plane tree, it grows huge. Still, it helps trim the dying, dead, and diseased branches in winter. Another excellent technique to train your tree is pollarding to keep it short with club-like branches. Pollarding means cutting your tree back to the trunk to produce dense branches.

Do London plane trees smell? ›

[5] The plane does indeed exude a pleasant fragrance, which is sweet, balsamic, and faintly perceptible as one approaches.

What is the most invasive tree in the world? ›

Silver maple tree

Silver maple trees have incredibly shallow, fast-growing roots. They might be prized for their vibrant colour in autumn, but their root systems are one of the most invasive of all.

How close should a poplar tree be to a house? ›

Trees with Invasive Roots

For these species, mainly poplars (Populus spp.) and willows (Salix spp.) as well as silver maple (Acer saccharinum), always plant them 50 feet (15 meters) from any structure.

How do you prune a London plane? ›

To achieve it, prune a London plane tree in late fall or early winter. Use well-honed blades that are sanitized and make cuts above the old growth. Take out all the young, tip end new season's growth. The gnarled, burled old stems produce an interesting form.

Is the London plane tree hard or soft wood? ›

The timber of the London plane is extremely hard and tough that it is nearly impossible to split; it also has dark reddish-brown flecks against a lighter background known as lacewood.

What do the leaves of a London plane tree look like? ›

The leaves of the London Plane are simple and 'maple or sycamore-like'. They are large and palmately lobed and veined, with a noticeable leaf stalk / petiole. The top surface is a darker green than the lower. The veins are quite noticeable.

Do London plane trees shed their bark? ›

As the London plane grows, its bark is pushed off along the entire length of its trunk, unable to expand as fast as the tree is putting on growth. This shedding bark presents multiple benefits for the London plane tree.

Are plane trees good? ›

Plane Tree Benefits – What Can Plane Trees Be Used For

The big, leafy plane tree graces streets in some of the busiest cities around the world. This versatile tree has adapted to survive pollution, grit and punishing wind, living on to provide welcome beauty and shade for many years.

How much water is enough for a tree? ›

About 10 gallons per 1 inch (2.5 cm) of trunk diameter per week (ex., a tree with 12″ DBH would receive 120 gallons) during drought. If there is unlimited water, there are records of trees absorbing 150 gallons of water in a single day.

Are London plane trees deer resistant? ›

Trunk can reach 4- to 8 feet diameter. Tree creates litter from large leaves, seed balls and twigs. Resistant to deer browse. Distinguish from the American Sycamore (Platanus occidentalis):

What is the best plane tree? ›

The best known is probably Platanus occidentalis, more commonly referred to as the American sycamore. One defining characteristic shared among all the species is inflexible bark that breaks and breaks away as the tree grows, resulting in a mottled, peeling appearance.

What color are London plane trees in the fall? ›

The medium green leaves change to yellow and brown in fall.

What is the difference between London plane tree and Oriental plane tree? ›

Oriental Plane

* One of the parents of the London Plane hybrid and in some ways superior to it having better autumn colour, being more heat resistant and more tolerant of Plane Anthracnose. It also has slightly smaller and narrower deeply lobed leaves.

Why do plane trees make me cough? ›

The dust is largely made up of a fluffy coating in the seed pods (it helps the seeds float, like dandelion (Taraxicum officinale) seeds) but it also contain trichomes, tiny hairs that coat the leaves. These trichomes are thought to be the main cause of coughing.

What is the most common tree to be allergic to? ›

Oak – Oak tree pollen is one of the main types that causes allergic reactions, as these trees produce large amounts of pollen which is then carried by the wind. They're found throughout the US and usually pollinate in spring.

Can fake Christmas trees cause allergies? ›

People often wrongly assume artificial trees are less likely to provoke allergies, but they can be equally irritating, Meadows said. New artificial trees emit odors from the manufacturing process, while trees that have been stored may be harboring dust or mold.

How long does it take for a London plane tree to grow? ›

Growth Rate

This tree grows at a medium rate, with height increases of 13–24" per year.

What is the fastest growing tree in USA? ›

The Empress Splendor (botanical name Paulownia fortunei and P. elongata) is the one of the fastest-growing trees in the world. A hardwood, it can grow 10-20 feet in its first year and reaches maturity within 10 years. This picture shows a 2 year old tree grown in Alabama.

Is the London plane tree native to New York? ›

It is thought that the Parks Department's distinctive logo is based on the leaf of a London plane. The London plane is a hybrid between the native American sycamore and the non-native oriental plane tree. The London plane was planted throughout Central Park from the north side of the Harlem Meer down the East Drive.

What is the leaf shape of Platanus orientalis? ›

Deeply finger-like lobed leaves.

What is the leaf arrangement of American sycamore? ›

The leaf of the sycamore is alternate, simple and palmately veined which means that the veins in the leaf radiate out from a single point. It is a large leaf with three to five lobes. The leaf edges are like saw teeth and the underside of the leaf is pubescent or fuzzy.

What are the leaf arrangements in trees? ›

1 There are three basic types of leaf arrangements found in woody trees and shrubs: alternate, opposite, and whorled. For tender plants, you will encounter these types of leaf arrangements: basal, rosette, and distichous.

What is the leaf shape of Oriental plane tree? ›

These large trees are native in North America, eastern Europe, and Asia and are characterized by scaling bark; large, deciduous, usually palmately lobed leaves; and globose heads of flower and seed.

What type of leaves does a London plane tree have? ›

Leaves are simple, and alternate. They grow 6 to 7 inches wide and are leathery leaves that have three to five lobes, similar to maple. The leaf surface is bright green and paler underneath and the margins are untoothed or nearly so. Fall color is yellow-brown.

What are the benefits of the plane tree leaf? ›

The leaves may be bruised and applied to the eyes to treat conjunctivitis and other inflammations. Other medicinal plane tree benefits include treatment for coughs, respiratory problems, and stomachaches. (Always use caution when using herbal remedies, and consult with a doctor first).

What color do sycamore leaves turn in the fall? ›

In Florida, sycamores are one of the earliest trees to change color in autumn. Beginning in late August the leaves go from green to amber to brown.

What color do American sycamore leaves turn in fall? ›

Sumacs, maples, dogwoods, sassafras, and some oaks turn shades of pink, red, and maroon, while sycamores, hickories, poplars, sweet-gums, and catalpas turn gold, yellow, and orange.

Are sycamore trees good for anything? ›

Traditionally American sycamore has been used from everything from draw boxes and crates to tool handles. It is not a preferred material for hardwood flooring because it can be considered a little soft, but many manufactures will seek it out for mouldings & millwork, paneling kitchenware and butcher block applications.

What trees have opposite leaves? ›

MADCapHorse is an easy way to remember trees that have an OPPOSITE branching pattern: Maple, Ash, Dogwood, Caprifoliacae (honeysuckles and viburnums, mostly shrubs) and Horse Chestnut. Think of it like your arms- they are opposite of each other.

How do you identify a plane tree? ›

Plane tree (Platanus x hispanica)

The plane tree is a resilient giant, growing up to 35 metres tall. The mottled olive, brown and grey bark breaks away in large flakes to reveal new cream-coloured bark underneath. This process cleanses the tree of pollution that has been stored in the outer bark.

What tree has triangle shaped leaves? ›

Deltoid is a triangle-shaped leaf, such as a cottonwood or poplar tree. Its name is derived from the Greek letter since the leaf is shaped like it.


1. Exclamation London Plane Tree
(Harder & Warner)
2. Exclamation! London Plane Tree
(Harder & Warner)
3. Trees with Don Leopold - London planetree
4. London planetree (Platanus × acerifolia) - Plant Identification
(Plant Sleuth)
5. Platanus x acerifolia London Plane Tree
(Ronald Rabideau -Personal)
6. Plant ID: London Plane Tree (Platanus x hybrida)
(Lovely Trees and Gardens)
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