How To Grow Onions Anywhere In Nigeria [Beginners Guide] - Agrolearner (2023)

How to grow onions in Nigeria- One of the most consumed vegetables in the world and Africa today is onions. Onions are widely consumed for their medicinal advantage, it can also be used as spicy to prepare those lovely delicacies.

Many people have this notion in Nigeria that, Onions can only be cultivated in the northern part of the country owing to the fact that, this is where onions are mostly cultivated in Nigeria.

So, how do you plant or grow onions in Nigeria? To grow onions in Nigeria all you need do is get farmland, get a hybrid seed of onion, nurse the onions seed in the nursery for 10days, prepare a bed in your farmland, then start transplanting the seedlings to the beds in your farm.

We will get to write on how you can start planting onions anywhere in the part of Nigeria shortly.

How To Start Growing Onions In Nigeria

Table of Contents

Following are the steps to take to start onion cultivation in Nigeria;

Step 1: Prepare the soil for Transplanting

First thing first, there are several ways to plant onions in Nigeria, you can do sack planting and you may plant directly on the beds you made on the farm.

We will be using farm beds in this guide.

Read Also:How To Start Sugarcane Farming In Nigeria [Step By Step Guide]

Clear the farmland

The first thing you need to do here is to clear your farm area. Clear the weed, shrubs, roots, and other unwanted plants on the farm.

Parked the grasses and gather in a place to set fire to it.

Spraying with Herbicides

After clearing your farmland and burning the bushes the next thing is spraying with fungicide, and herbicides, you may spray with systemic selective herbicides which can help control weeds for at least 3months in your farm area.

Make A Bed/low-ridges

The next thing is to make a bed for your onions to grow on.

To make the bed for your onions, you make a heap like ridges that are not too tall especially when it’s the dry season period.

Read Also:How To Start Vegetables Farming Business In Nigeria (Step by Step Guide)

Ensure the beds are short and closer to the floor to allow the seed to receive the little water it needed to grow.

Adding Manure or Poultry dung

After you are done with the bed, the next thing on soil preparation is to add manure to your beds to make your onions grow well and fast.

You can add fertilizer in the appropriate ratio and if you don’t have money for fertilizer, you may deploy the use of organic fertilizer.

Locate a Poultry in your area, collect the Poultry droppings, then add it to your beds on the farm at least 2 weeks before planting.

Step 2: Nurse Your Onions Seed

After you’re done with soil and farm preparation, the next thing is to nurse your onions, and to do that do the following;

Locate an agro store closer to you, buy a hybrid onions seed

After that, go to the furniture workshop around you or Sawmail closer to you, and collect the wood shavings locally known as sawdust.

You need to collect dried Poultry droppings also.

Mixed the wood shavings you collected with the dry Poultry droppings you collected and make it moist by adding little water.

  • Then place this mixture on the nursery trail or the trough you have gotten to nurse the seed.
  • Make a horizontal line with this mixture in form of ridges and space it like 2cm apart.
  • Then sprinkle the hybrid seed you just procure from the agro store on this tray randomly and cover it with little sand.
  • Start watering the tray morning and evening, and ensure you do not sprinkle water on the lines you spread the onions. This is because onions do not like plenty of water, all you need wet is the bottom of the line you made.
  • Carry out this action for 10days. Most onions seedlings are viable and ready for transplanting after 10-15days maximum.

Step 3: Start Transplanting

The next thing is to start moving your onions to the bed you have prepared on the farm.

Take note, if you intend to harvest your onions when they are green, you will Plant the seedlings 1cm deep with no space close to one another on the bed.

But if you intend to harvest when it’s dry, then you plant 1cm deep then give a spacing of at least 2-3inches apart and about 10-12inches between a row.

Take note of temperature when nursing and after transplanting.

Planting Month Of Onions In Nigeria

Majorly Onions at grown two times a year, the first planting season is Between August and September and the late Planting is between November and December.

The August-September planting marks the Early Planting season when the rain is about to go and November-December marks the late planting when the rain is about to start.

Basic Care for Onions

Ensure you nurse under a temperature that ranges between 20-25C for optimal performance in the nursery. And a temperature between 15-30C after transplanting.

This is because a higher temperature is favorable for curing and bulbing.

Sand that doesn’t retain water for long is good for planting onions.

During the bulbing stage of Onions, ensure you supply adequate water quantities to the farm.

Avoid excessive water or logged water in your onions farm.

Do not apply Poultry droppings freshly to the farm bed to avoid onions bulb growing thick necks and excessive leaves.

Ensure you weed the bed regularly from unwanted weed or deploy the use of chemicals.

To prevent weeds, you may deploy the use of mulching to converse the soil fertility but sealing off underground weeds from accessing sunlight.

Ensure you spray your farm with fungicides to repel common onions diseases such as Fusarium and Sclerotium.

Common fungicides to use includes Milthane, Oshothane and Dithane can be used.

Spray farm against insects of onion with insecticides such as aphids, thrips, whiteflies, etc.

How Long Does It Take Onions To Grow In Nigeria?

Onions grow in a space of 90-120 days in Nigeria, that’s approximately 3-4months.

What Is The Best Month To Plant Onions?

Take note of temperature when nursing and after transplanting.

Majorly Onions at grown two times a year, the first planting season is Between August and September and the late Planting is between November and December.

The August-September planting marks the Early Planting season when the rain is about to go and November-December marks the late planting when the rain is about to start.

Is Onion Business Profitable In Nigeria?

Yes, onions are a lucrative and profitable farming business one can venture into in Nigeria.

Onions’ prices usually skyrocket during the dry season in Nigeria and it’s demand usually are high at this season.

How Much Is A Sack/Bag Of Onions In Nigeria?

A bag or sack of onion is sold for an average price of 20,000 nairas in the market today in Nigeria.

How To Farm Onions During Raining Season In Nigeria

The planting of onions during the rainy season in Nigeria is similar to the method used during the dry season with the difference in higher beds on the farm.

To plant onions during the rainy season, when making the bed to transplant the Onions too, ensure you raise the bed above normal ground level very well to allow water exit and avoid water logging in the bed.

Types/Breeds Of Onions In Nigeria

The following are types or species of onions in Nigeria

  • White Onions
  • Red Onions
  • Yellow Onions

The commonly most grown onions in Nigeria are the White and Red Onions.

If a recipe specifies red or yellow onions, you might assume that any onions you have will work, but this is not the case. You must use the specific onions specified in the recipe. A certain variety of onions is called for in a recipe, and that exact variety of onions is used!

The flavor and texture of red, yellow, and white onions are all slightly different. First, how do you know which onions to buy at the grocery store?

As for onions, go for ones that feel hefty and substantial in your hands when you’re shopping. In general, avoid onions that are soft to the touch or have an unpleasant odor before peeling. With the exception of sweet onions, which can be kept in a dark, cool pantry for several weeks.

Conclusion

So, if you have the intention to start onion farming in Nigeria as a newbie, this is a complete guide on how to start growing onions in Nigeria, and all you need to know. You can drop your comments via the comment section to ask about any unclear areas of this content.

FAQs

How do onions grow for beginners? ›

Plant onions in early spring once the ground is workable. In-ground gardens and raised beds are both excellent options for growing onions. Space onion plants 6 inches apart in rows that are 12 inches apart. Grow them in a sunny spot that has fertile, well-drained soil with a pH of 6.0 to 6.8.

How many months does it take to grow onion? ›

Onions require 90-100 days to mature from seed, which is around four months. From sets, onions are ready to harvest after around 80 days, or just under three months.

How many days does it take to grow onions? ›

An onion's average growth rate is 100 to 175 days till maturity. Whether in sets or seeds, here are a few varieties to consider: Texas Super Sweet, Vidalia Onions, Yellow Granex and Southern Belle Red: Generally grown in the South and planted in the fall for harvest in spring.

How many weeks does it take onions to grow? ›

Onions are cool-season crops that require 90 days or more to reach maturity. Because of this long growing season requirement and their preference for cooler weather, planting onion seeds directly into the garden in the spring makes it difficult for the bulbs to reach a good size before warm temperatures arrive.

What kind of fertilizer do onions need? ›

Onions require a high source of nitrogen. A nitrogen-based fertilizer (ammonium sulfate or ammonium nitrate) should be applied at the rate of one cup per twenty feet of row. The first application should be about three weeks after planting and then continue with applications every 2 to 3 weeks.

Do onions need full sun? ›

Onions are one of the most popular vegetables in the home garden. They can be grown for green onions and dry bulbs. Onions are easy to grow. They perform best in well-drained, slightly acidic, fertile soils in full sun.

How many times can onion regrow? ›

And as long as you leave the bulbs planted and water them regularly, they'll continue to regrow more onions. Expect to get three to four harvests from your bulbs before you need to plant new ones.

What is the secret to growing onions? ›

It may be necessary to water once or twice a week depending on the weather. Stop watering once the tops begin to yellow and fall over to encourage the bulbs to finish maturing and to avoid rot issues. Onions tend to grow very well in rich, organic soils with a pH at 6.5-6.8.

What do I feed my onions to grow bigger? ›

Feed your onions lots of nitrogen to increase bulb size. Because they are a root vegetable, many people believe that onions require lots of phosphorus, however, for increased onion size, nitrogen is your key nutrient. Each leaf that an onion plant produces means an additional ring on the onion.

What kind of soil do onions grow best in? ›

Onions grow best in well-drained soil with pH between 6.0 and 7.0, and high organic matter. Apply phosphorus (P) and potassium (K) according to soil test recommendations.

Do onions need a lot of water? ›

Onions need about 1 inch of water per week, so if the weather is dry, you'll need to water.

Which onions grow the fastest? ›

Green Onions

If you've ever placed a bunch of green onions in a glass of water to keep fresh you know that they will start to grow new stalks almost immediately. Planting green onion seed isn't much different. About 3 weeks after sprouting you can start snipping them and adding them to your salads and recipes.

How many onions do you get from one plant? ›

One bulb will produce one onion; sets may be planted 2” apart if harvested as scallions or 'green onions', or 4”-6” apart if allowed to mature into a full-sized cooking onion. You don't need to plant in rows; a 1'x1' square can grow 24 scallions!

How much water do onions need per day? ›

Most onions require about 30 inches of water per season to grow a good crop with drip irrigation. The key is to provide about 0.3 – 0.4 inches/day – drip irrigation is the best way to apply small amounts of water frequently.

What month do you plant onion seeds? ›

Sets are readily available in early spring and late summer in garden centres and from online suppliers. They are usually planted in spring, from mid-March to mid-April. Some cultivars are suitable for planting in October to mid March – these are less sensitive to cold, which would otherwise cause bolting.

How long do onion plants live? ›

The roots and tops may begin to dry out but do not be alarmed, the onion is a member of the lily family and as such will live for approximately three weeks off the bulb.

What are the stages of growing an onion? ›

Onions are cool-season plants. They have three distinct phases of growth — vegetative, bulbing and blooming (bolting), and the switch from one phase to the next is triggered by environmental factors.

Is chicken manure good for onions? ›

We concluded that chicken manure could be exploited in growing onions with health-promoting properties.

Is cow manure good for onions? ›

Conclusions. Cattle manure compost improved yield of intermediate-day onion and soil fertility under reduced rates of chemical fertilizer.

Do onions like manure? ›

Onions and garlic both like fertile soil, but neither require much nitrogen and so shouldn't be grown on freshly manured soil. Instead, dig over and manure the ground several months before planting.

How do you take care of an onion? ›

Caring for onions
  1. Keep the plot well weeded. Hoeing between rows risks damaging foliage and bulb tips, so weed by hand where possible.
  2. Water regularly in dry periods.
  3. Remove any flowerspikes as soon as they appear.
  4. Stop watering once the leaves start yellowing – this means that the bulbs are starting to swell.

Can onions grow in hot weather? ›

Onions are a cool weather crop, so they are not as heat tolerant as tropical plants, such as tomatoes and peppers. However, certain types of onions are more heat tolerant, such as bunching onions. You can protect onions from high temperatures by using shade cloth to reduce the heat from intense sunlight.

Do onions regrow after cutting? ›

Regrowing Into a Full-Sized Onion

All that is needed is time and patience because the cycle can take 90 to 120 days. If grown indoors, the onion will need to be steadily repotted into larger containers. Before each repotting, cut back the greens to an inch or two in height to reduce stress on the plant.

Do onions take two years to grow? ›

Answer: All onions and leeks are biennial, meaning that they normally take two years to grow from seed, flower and set seed again. First, they grow “vegetatively,” forming roots, leaves and other plant growth.

Can you replant a whole onion? ›

In short the answer is, YES! You can plant a sprouted onion and grow a new one. Actually, usually you can get sometimes get three new onions from one sprouted onion!

How many seeds do you need to start an onion? ›

In a well-tended plot, most of the onions you plant turn into good-sized bulbs. If you eat an onion a day, consider planting 400 or so seedlings or sets (or some combination of the two). That amount will take up 50 row feet of garden space. If you eat two onions a week, plant a little over 100 seedlings or sets.

When should we stop watering onions? ›

When you notice the leaves on the first few plants start to fall over, stop watering and leave the onions in the ground for 7 to 14 days (depending on how dry or humid your climate is) to allow them to finish maturing. Withholding water at this stage helps keep the onions from rotting.

How do you grow onions in short days? ›

Bulb Onion Growing Tips
  1. Long-day onion varieties need fourteen to fifteen hours of daylight to make a bulb; these varieties grow best in northern states and Canada. ...
  2. To grow short-day onions in northern regions, seed them in the fall, or alternatively plant intermediate varieties in late winter.

Can onions grow in poor soil? ›

Growing onions

Onions grow best in well drained and cultivated sandy, loam soil. For clay soils, work in compost to loosen compaction. Heavier soils do not allow onion bulbs to grow to their potential.

Why are my onion plants dying? ›

A: This is a foliage disease known as tip die back of onions. It is suspected to be caused by the fungus Alternaria. It is commonly associated with plants that are not growing properly. Pink root can also cause a weakening condition of the plant which continues die back of the leaves.

Can I grow onion with only water? ›

Onions don't even need soil to grow. Growing onions in water is a project the kids will love because they can see the roots growing through the sides of the glass. What is this? If you place a sprouted onion with the roots down in a glass of water, it will continue to grow on the top with new shoots.

How do you make onion roots grow faster? ›

Place the onions in a clear glass or jar with the root end down. Add just enough water to the bottom of the container to cover the roots at the bottom of the bulbs. Change the water at least every other day.

Do onions multiply when planted? ›

They multiply by division, so you can plant a few and have a steady supply of green onions for years to come.

Which part of onion grow into new plant? ›

Onions undergo vegetative reproduction which is a type of asexual reproduction in which bulbs from the modified stem gives rise to new plant.

How many leaves should an onion have? ›

The perfect onion has 13 rings, so the goal is to create 13 leaves before the onion starts the second stage of its growing cycle by transferring the carbohydrates that are in the leaves to the rings of the onion (bulbing). Once the bulbing process begins, no more leaves are created.

How do onions grow from onions? ›

ANSWER: By chopping the bottom of an onion bulb off and planting it into soil, you can grow your own onions from cuttings. With a bit of knowledge, as well as time, patience, and lots of water, you can grow an onion from an onion bottom in just 90 to 120 days.

Are onions easy to grow? ›

To start, onions are very easy to grow and, properly prepared, bulbs will store reliably for up to six months. As with potatoes, there's something deeply satisfying about the weighty harvest you can get from even a small area, and as the starting point to so many recipes there's every reason to grow your own.

What type of soil do onions grow best in? ›

Onions grow best in well-drained soil with pH between 6.0 and 7.0, and high organic matter. Apply phosphorus (P) and potassium (K) according to soil test recommendations.

Do onions need lots of sun? ›

Onions are one of the most popular vegetables in the home garden. They can be grown for green onions and dry bulbs. Onions are easy to grow. They perform best in well-drained, slightly acidic, fertile soils in full sun.

Can onion grow in water? ›

Onions don't even need soil to grow. Growing onions in water is a project the kids will love because they can see the roots growing through the sides of the glass. What is this? If you place a sprouted onion with the roots down in a glass of water, it will continue to grow on the top with new shoots.

What are 3 facts about onions? ›

The three most common onion colors are yellow, red, and white. There are less than 1,000 onion farmers in the United States. Altogether, about 125,000 acres of onions are planted in the US each year. One serving of onion contains 45 calories.

What is the best fertilizer for onions? ›

Onions require a high source of nitrogen. A nitrogen-based fertilizer (ammonium sulfate or ammonium nitrate) should be applied at the rate of one cup per twenty feet of row. The first application should be about three weeks after planting and then continue with applications every 2 to 3 weeks.

How many times should I water my onion in a day? ›

Stick your finger into the ground near the plants; if you can't feel moisture up to your first knuckle, it's time to water. In a typical 12 week growing season, we recommend irrigating with one inch of water once or twice a week depending on the amount of rainfall received.

What makes onions grow big? ›

Because they are a root vegetable, many people believe that onions require lots of phosphorus, however, for increased onion size, nitrogen is your key nutrient. Each leaf that an onion plant produces means an additional ring on the onion. In other words, the more leaves, the bigger the bulbs.

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