Hedgerow biodiversity | Hedgelink (2023)

Hedgerows provide vital resources for mammals, birds, and insect species. As well as being an important habitat in their own right, they act as wildlife corridors allowing dispersal between isolated habitats.

Biodiversity 2020 and Hedgerows

Biodiversity 2020: A strategy for England’s wildlife and ecosystem services is the Government’s strategy for people and wildlife in England. It was published in 2011 and replaces the previous England biodiversity strategy, the UK-BAP, when biodiversity strategy was devolved down to the four governments.

Biodiversity 2020 sets out to “halt overall biodiversity loss, support healthy well functioning ecosystems and establish coherent ecological networks, with more and better places for nature for the benefit of wildlife and people.”

The Biodiversity 2010 Strategy’s outcomes for hedgerows are;

Outcome 1A: 90% of hedgerows in favourable or favourable recovering condition by 2020

Outcome 1B: 6,000 km* (1280ha) of new hedgerow by 2020

The definition is that which originated from the UK-BAP “any hedgerow consisting predominantly (at least 80%) of at least one native woody species of tree/shrub”. This is an expanded definition from the original HAP definition which was confined to “ancient and/or species rich” hedges only. This change was in recognition of the fact that hedgerows are important features of the countryside and fulfil an important connectivity function.

Furthermore wildlife is not restricted to species-rich hedgerows or ancient hedgerows, and as hedgerow trees are not restricted exclusively to these types either, their wildlife is more generally distributed.

(Video) Hedgerow biodiversity: trees insects birds mammals and hedgehogs.

The definition is limited to boundary lines of trees or shrubs and excludes banks or walls without woody shrubs on top of them. However, any bank, wall, ditch or tree within 3 m of the centre of the hedgerow is considered to be part of the hedgerow habitat, as is the herbaceous vegetation within 3 m of the centre of the woody hedgerow.

Hedgerow Features Important to Wildlife

Different features of a hedgerow will be important to different species. The morediversein composition a hedgerow is the more species it is likely to support due to a diversity of flowering and fruiting times. In general,native hedge plantssuch asblackthornPrunus spinosa,hawthornCrataegus monogyny, hazel Corylus avellena, dogwood Cornus sanguinea andfield maple_Acer campestriswill support many more species than non-native plants such as garden privet,Ligustrum ovalifolium, leylandii and sycamoreAcer psedoplatanus.Older hedgerowsoften contain a large amount ofdead woodandplant litterwithin the structure of the hedge and can provide a valuable habitat for many invertebrates (which in turn will attract predators such as bats, shrews and birds) and cover for small mammals.Hedge basesare an important feature and provide a buffer zone to protect root systems and which can be an important habitat in its own right.

Management practices are crucial to the maintenance of a healthy hedge beneficial to wildlife:hedge laying, where the layed stems die off as the new shoots grow provides a source of dead wood.Coppicing, where stems are cut just above the ground, can provide a new lease of life to seriously damaged hedgerows. Thetimingof management is important to get the best from a hedge and avoid disturbance to animals breeding or over-wintering. Thecutting cyclewill determine the availability of fruits and flowers in a hedge; typically a cycle of two to three years is most beneficial for wildlife.


Hedgerow biodiversity | Hedgelink (1)
Hazel dormiceMuscardinus avellenariusare one of our rarest small mammals. There are still native populations as far north as the Lake District, Cumbria and Northumberland but they have been lost in other northern and central counties. Their current stronghold is in southern England and Wales.

Hedgerows play an important role for dormice. They emerge in spring and in the following months they generally spend all their time above ground in the trees and scrub. In April they feed onblackthornandhawthornflowers to replace body fat used in hibernation. In early summer they feed onashFraxinus excelsiorkeys,honeysuckleLonicera periclymenumflowers and insects such as aphids Aphis sp. Later in the year they rely onblackberriesandhazelnutsto provide the food resource to build fat reserves for the coming winter. The diversity of plants as food resources is therefore vital in supporting dormice. They are used asdispersal corridorsand are an important link between small copses that are too small to support a viable dormouse population on their own. Crucially they also support breeding populations independent of other habitats. The huge loss of hedges has led to isolated populations and local extinctions. Even small gaps in a hedgerow will provide an obstacle to dormouse dispersal. Research carried out by Royal Holloway, University of London, has shown that hedgerows support as high numbers of dormice as woodlands do, so their removal will have significantly reduced dormouse populations nationally.

For more information on hedges and dormice see theDormice and Hedges in Devon leafletfrom Devon County Council, and theHedgerows for dormice leafletby thePTES(people’s trust for endangered species)

Hedgerow biodiversity | Hedgelink (2)

Linear landscape features such as hedgerows are important for bats. Hedgerows, woodland edge and ditches can all form commuting routes between roosting sites and feeding areas. These features can aid navigation and provide shelter from wind during flight. Hedgerow trees may also provide roosting opportunities for bats throughout the year. A network of well connected hedgerows and other linear features within a landscape allows many species of bat to extend their foraging and roosting capacity. Hedgerows also provide a habitat for insect courtship, breeding and feeding, hence providing foraging areas for bats. Some species of bats (such as the greater and lesser horseshoe Rhinolophus ferrumequinum, R. hipposideros, brown long-eared Plecotus auritus and Natterer’s bat Myotis natt ereri) take insects directly from foliage (known as ‘gleaning’) and tend to stay close to or within vegetation cover. Hedgerows also comprise an important foraging habitat for barbastelle bats Barbastella barbastellus. Hedgerow removal can lead to the loss of important connections within the landscape for commuting bats and also a reduction in insect diversity and hence foraging opportunities. Management of hedgerows for bats should aim to produce tall (ideally a minimum of 3m), wide and continuous hedges, comprising native species.

Bank voles Clethrionomys glariolus are habitat specialists that prefer woodland and hedgerows with dense shrubby cover. Mature and diverse hedgerows provide food and nesting habitat for harvest mice Mus minutus, with the main nest-supporting shrub species in field margins being bramble Rubus fruticosus and thorns Crataegus monogyna and Prunus spinosa. Hedgehogs Erinaceous europaeus probably rely on hedgerows to nest in especially in areas where arable farming is dominant. Habitat edges including hedgerows and also used for foraging for beetles and other invertebrates

(Video) How to plant trees & hedgerows for wildlife. Gardening for Biodiversity series.

Larger mammals such as stoats Mustela erminea and bedgers Meles meles will also use hedges for food and shelter.


Species-rich hedgerows can provide an important habitat for invertebrates. They supply food, shelter and breeding sites for pollinators such as bees and for pest predators such asscorpion fliesPanorpa communis.Bumble beesBombus spp.are known to use hedgerows to guide their foraging activity.Stag beetlesLucanus cervuscan sometimes be found among decaying stumps at the base of a hedge. All invertebrate species are affected by insecticide, herbicide and fertiliser spraying regimes which will impact on invertebrate predators. Maintaining a diversity of perennial plants in the hedge bottom for host and nectar plants is beneficial to invertebrate diversity.

More than 20 of the butterfly species found in lowland Britain breed in hedgerows, including the brown hairstreak butterfly Thecla betulae, a priorityBAPspecies, which lays its eggs on blackthorn. The Holly blue Celastrina argiolus butterfly caterpillars will only be found in hedges containing holly or ivy whilst the brimstone Gonepteryx rhamni prefers buckthorn Rhamnus cathartica or alder buckthorn Frangula alnus. The Purple Emperor Apatura iris and Pearl-bordered fritillary Boloria euprhrosyne are among species that use hedgerows for nectar, basking or as transport corridors from other ‘core’ habitats. Hedges are also used by some species such as the Peacock as territorial sites; males establish perching sites on hedges and rise up to inspect other butterflies as they fly past. The Barberry carpet moth Pareulype berberata , also aBAPPriority species, lives in hedgerows.

Features that affected the butterfly density of hedgerows include shelter from wind, insolation, nectar plant diversity, plant species richness, margin area and uncropped land. For optimal butterfly activity, hedges should create a network where shade and shelter are available as long as possible as the weather conditions change. The presence of farm tracks adjacent to hedgerows negatively effected butterfly density.

Cutting hedgerows immediately after harvest removes flowers important to over wintering butterflies and can destroy over-wintering juveniles stages. Trimming hedges on rotation every second or third year is thought to reduce these problems. Rotational cutting of hedge-bases will also prevent loss of nectar plants and leaf hibernacula for groups such as theskippers.


Many species of birds are associated with hedgerows. Woodland birds such as blue tit Parus major, great tit Parus caerulus, wren Troglodytes troglodytes, blackbird Turdus merula, robin Erithacus rubecula and chaffinch Fringilla coelebs are more common in taller, wider hedges. A taller hedge provides more habitat and is therefore more likely to provide space for a larger number of breeding territories. Birds that favour scrubby or open woodland, such asdunnockPrunella modularise,yellow hammer_Emberiza citrinellaandwhitethroatSylvia communis, also use hedgerows. The hedge plants also provide songposts and perches for territorial and breeding birds. The nests, as they age, may then support populations of invertebrates. The hedge base is important for ground-nesting species like thegrey partridgePerdix perdix.


Hedgerows which connect with ponds helpgreat crested newtsTriturus cristatusmove through the countryside (Langton et al 2001).

BAPspecies linked to hedgerows

UK Biodiversity Action Plan: Priority species linked to hedgerows

This report andaccompanying spreadsheet

(Video) What have hedgerows ever done for us? - How hedges benefit us.

identifies 130 priorityBAPspecies (following the 2007 revised list) known to be significantly associated with hedgerows, including their trees, banks, basal flora and immediate margins. While few of these species are dependent on hedgerows alone, the loss of hedgerows, or a decline in their quality, would be likely to have an adverse affect on their populations.

Hedgerows are of particular importance to the conservation of threatened lichens (10 species), invertebrates (72), reptiles and amphibians (5), birds (20) and mammals (11).

The majority (69%) of associated species are widespread within the UK, including most of the birds and mammals. While still often common, these widespread species are recognised as priorities for conservation action because their populations have declined rapidly in recent decades. Many of them are dependent on the existence of a variety of different habitats in close proximity, so require conservation action to be taken at the landscape scale.

All 130 species occur in England, 104 in Wales, 83 in Scotland and 59 in Northern Ireland. South-West England and South East England are the regions with most priority species.

All major structural components of the hedge are important. Excluding those species for which insufficient is known about their ecological requirements (that is 51 widespread moths), over half (57%) use hedgerow trees, 42% the shrubby component, 41% the base and 34% the margin. Many species use more than one structural component. The high value of hedgerow trees is of particular note given that numbers of such trees are currently falling rapidly.

It is recommended that Hedgelink, together with biodiversity groups operating at the country level, should ensure that the needs of the 90 widespread species are taken into account in the delivery of the hedgerow Habitat Action Plan and, where necessary, of other priorityHAPs. Regional and localBAPpartnerships should take a lead on those species for which their areas are of particular importance, including rarities that require site-specific action.

Hedgelink has selected 12 flagships species against to which to measure the impact of its policies, action and advice. Collectively they represent the requirements of nearly all 130 species. They are: purple ramping fumitory, orange-fruited elm-lichen, large (moss) carder bee, goat moth, brown hairstreak, common lizard, bullfinch, tree sparrow, yellowhammer, soprano pipistrelle, hedgehog and dormouse.

Here you can read thefull reportanddownload the species list and details.

Hedgerow Management and Wildlife Review

A review of research on the effects of hedgerow management and adjacent land on biodiversity. This report starts with a review of hedge management, including its history, current status and costs. It then continues by examining what is known about the effects of hedge management on wildlife, including the effects of associated land use management. This main section of the report has been divided up according to major taxonomic groupings with a section devoted to each.

(Video) Biodiversity of hedges - Hedgerow Week 2021

Read the report:Hedgerow Management and Wildlife(.PDF 1.12MB).

More information


Natural England
The Dormouse Conservation Handbook
Hedgerow Management, Dormice and Biodiversity
Report 454 (Bright & Macpherson 2002)

Peoples Trust for Endangered Species
PTESHedgerow Leaflet {PDF} – advice on managing hedgerows for wildlife.
Dormice pages
Website for Ian White
(PTESDormouse Officer)

Bat Conservation Trust
The Bat Conservation Trust


Butterfly Conservation
Butterflies and Farmland
Hedgerows for Hairstreaks
Dover, J. and Sparks, T. (2000) A Review of the ecology of Butterflies in British Hedgerows, Journal of Environmental Management 60, 51-53.


Managing farmland for Wildlife: Hedgerows


Amphibian and Reptile Conservation Trust

Hedgerow management for species leaflets

A report and a series of leaflets have recently been published following completion of a research project funded by Defra. The project, Understanding the combined biodiveristy benefits of the component features of hedges, aimed to increase our understanding of the role hedges play in supporting biodiversity. The report presents information on the importance of managing all hedge components optimally for biodiversity and the inter-relationship of the five structural components of hedges (trees, shrubs, hedge base, field margin and ditches). The focus is on priority species listed in Section 41/42 of the Natural Environment and Rural Communities Act (2006) and equivalent legislation in other UK countries (i.e. formerBAPspecies), together with species listed as Biodiversity 2020 Farmland.

A suite of nine advice sheets relating to particular animals or assemblages of animals were written based on analysis. At a farm scale, there was very little conflict between the requirements of the chosen species. It was therefore possible to produce a further advice sheet, giving general advice on optimal management for hedge biodiversity.

(Video) Hedgerows: Living Fences to the Moon and Back

  1. 2013 Annex C Review of Environmental Stewardship hedge provisions(PDF)
  2. 2013 Annex D Bibliography for HedgerowFINAL(PDF)
  3. 2013 Hedgerow contract final report V6c(PDF)
  4. (PDF)
  5. (PDF)
  6. Complete Good Hedge Management Guide Leaflet(PDF)
  7. (PDF)
  8. (PDF)
  9. (PDF)
  10. (PDF)
  11. (PDF)
  12. (PDF)
  13. Complete Hedge Management Guide for Farmland Birds Leaflet(PDF)


What makes a good hedgerow? ›

For an effective hedge you need attractive plants that are fast growing. They should also have dense foliage. Consider the mature height and width of the plants. It's important that your hedge is continuous and does not leave gaping holes.

What is a hedgerow in ecology? ›

A hedgerow is defined as any boundary line of trees or shrubs over 20m long and less than 5m wide, and where any gaps between the trees or shrub species are less that 20m wide (Bickmore, 2002).

What is the most commonly used hedgerow species? ›

sepium, Cassia siamea are the most recommended species for hedgerow cropping systems in humid to semi-humid climate due to their capacity to rapidly produce the dense hedge and high biomass.

What is the best hedgerow? ›

Camellia, laurel and hawthorn are all good privacy hedges. These fast-growing hedges are all evergreen and reach a good height. Evergreen shrubs and evergreen trees for gardens make for the best hedges for privacy as you don't want your privacy to be compromised when the leaves fall off in fall.

What are the components of a hedgerow? ›

A hedgerow should include a wide variety of large and understory trees, berry and nut bushes, flowering and native trees and shrubs, evergreen trees and shrubs, herbs, vines, flowers, and ground covers. The sky's the limit for your species as your aim is diversity with a mix of evergreen and deciduous.

What is a hedgerow quizlet? ›

hedgerow. Definition- Row of shrubs or trees surrounding a field, often on a dirt wall. Usage- A hedgerow is constructed by building two closely spaced stone walls which are filled with dirt, then planted with trees or shrubs, forming a living fence.

Why did farmers plant hedgerows? ›

Pollinator Plants

Hedgerows serve as protection for sensitive insects from pesticide drift from neighboring agricultural fields and also provide potential nest sites for native bees. Wild and domesticated bees are the most significant pollinators and generally travel less than 500 meters from their nests.

Why were hedgerows planted? ›

“Hedgerows are lines of shrubs which were originally planted to mark ownership and provide a barrier to prevent the movement of stock such as sheep and cattle,” she says. “In the UK, many were planted as part of the Enclosures Acts in the early 19th century, however, many are much older than this.

What have hedgerows ever done for us? ›

Hedgerows reduce the amount of fertilisers, pesticides and sediment that reach watercourses. They do this by acting as a physical barrier, increasing infiltration into the ground, and through nutrients being recycled by the trees, shrubs and other plants.

What is hedgerow system? ›

A hedgerow system is a type of agroforestry system, where lines of trees and permanent vegetation are grown on/around agricultural fields.

What is a pollinator hedgerow? ›

Pollinator hedgerows are diverse linear plantings of native flowering trees, shrubs, perennial wildflowers and grasses designed to provide foraging and nesting habitat for pollinators.

What does a hedgerow look like? ›

A hedgerow can be thought of as a strip of densely planted trees, shrubs and other plants forming a border. You could think of a hedgerow as a living fence, though a hedgerow should be much wider than a typical fence. Hedgerows are often planted along property boundaries or along roads or driveways.

Is a hedge an organism? ›

Hedgerows are a dynamic organism, just like the individual plants from which they are created. They consequently require a dynamic management approach which respects their position in the hedgerow management cycle. The ultimate goal in hedge management is to create a thick, dense hedgerow.

How do you clear a hedgerow? ›

The best way to remove the roots is to hack at the dirt around them as much as you can, which should loosen the grip of the soil enough to free them. Once they are loose, use your spade to dig the rest up. You can use your hand to pull them free and dispose of them appropriately.

How wide should a hedgerow be? ›

A traditional windbreak hedge is around 20 feet wide, but you can still reap some benefits with a 10 – 12 foot wide hedgerow. An effective windbreak include trees (evergreens work well) and shrubs, all planted (spaced) so that they will overlap when mature.

What is the most common hedge plant? ›

Buxus, also known as boxwood, is perhaps the most well-known and popular choice for hedge plants. It is distinguished by its small leaves which gives it its primary advantage over other plant species. This is because the size of leaves can create a formal, tight hedge.

What is the best hedge for bad soil? ›

Some of the best hedging plants for dry, sandy soils are amelanchier, beech, berberis, box, choisya, Norway spruce, cotoneaster, dogwood, Elaeagnus, elder, escallonia, euonymus, holly, cherry laurel (but not on chalk), spotted laurel, lavender, lonicera, potentilla, pyracantha, spiraea, thuja smaragd, weigela and yew.

What is the main factor in natural hedge? ›

The key to natural hedges is to allocate resources to negatively correlated assets that perform oppositely in an economic climate. The gain from one asset (or operational behavior) should be able to roughly offset the loss from another so that the portfolio or company's risk is naturally hedged.

What is a synonym for hedgerow? ›

fence, shrubbery, barrier, bush, enclosure, guard, hurdle, protection, quickset, screen, thicket, windbreak.

How were the hedgerows formed? ›

Hedges can originate in a number of ways. They may be woodland (assart) hedges, formed out of woodland trees/shrubs left as remnants after woodland clearance. They may derive from scrub growing on boundaries between cultivated fields or they may be planted with individual or a mix of species.

What is the hedge and why? ›

What Is a Hedge? To hedge, in finance, is to take an offsetting position in an asset or investment that reduces the price risk of an existing position. A hedge is therefore a trade that is made with the purpose of reducing the risk of adverse price movements in another asset.

How do you use hedgerow in a sentence? ›

He crouched behind a low hedgerow. More than a hundred thousand miles of hedgerow have been lost since 1945.

What is a hedge of trees called? ›

A hedge or hedgerow is a line of closely spaced shrubs and sometimes trees, planted and trained to form a barrier or to mark the boundary of an area, such as between neighbouring properties.

What are the problems with hedgerows? ›

Hedgerows can shelter pests, such as rabbits, which can damage crops. Shading of the crop can cause uneven ripening and disease. Dutch Elm Disease causes management problems, too. Where trees die, suckers grow.

What was the battle of the hedgerows? ›

The summer of 1944 witnessed terrible confrontations between the American and German armies in Normandy. For 11 weeks, in the Cotentin and then in the centre and south of La Manche, the American army, led by General Eisenhower, fought hard against the Reich troops. It was the battle of the hedges.

Who owns hedgerow? ›

President Mary Marsey has been in the property management business since 1985 and founded Hedgerow Property Management in 1997.

What is the Old English word for hedgerow? ›

hedgerow (n.)

also hedge-row, Old English hegeræw; see hedge (n.)

Why does Europe have hedgerows? ›

Hedgerows are semi-natural wooded habitats and an important element in agricultural landscapes across Western and North-Western Europe. They reduce erosion, function as carbon sinks and thus provide essential ecosystem services.

What is the world's largest pollinator? ›

It appears that no other creature has the strength and nimbleness to pollinate the palm. This gives the black and white ruffed lemur the award of the world's largest pollinator!

What is a hedgerow in WWII? ›

Hedgerows are small, man-made earthen walls that surround a field. The hedgerows in Normandy date back to Roman times, when they were used to enclose pastures and mark property lines. Each hedge is generally between two and six feet wide at its base, and any- where from three to fifteen feet high.

What is the most common pollinator in the world? ›

Native honey bees are the most commonly known pollinator. They are 'volunteers' that work tirelessly pollinating a variety of crops. Recent problems with colony collapse and bee pests have put the wild honey bee population in danger, leading to many initiatives to aid honey bee health.

What is the difference between a hedge and an edge? ›

A 'hedge' is a row of bushes or trees planted very close together to form a fence. 'I need to trim the hedges this morning. ' An 'edge' is the outer point of something - the furthest point from the centre.

What are the 3 common hedging strategies? ›

There are several effective hedging strategies to reduce market risk, depending on the asset or portfolio of assets being hedged. Three popular ones are portfolio construction, options, and volatility indicators.

What is the lifespan of a hedge? ›

A hedge should last at least 30 years, and some gardens have hedges 100 years old or more. Partly it depends on the plants used – if they can be trimmed hard back they can have a longer life – but it also depends on the maintenance given, and how the hedge was developed when young.

What is a hedge in the Bible? ›

In Bible times, hedges were of a completely different design as we have today. They were not green bushes or a stonewall. Hedges were made of low, intertwined thorn bushes that would grow around what needed to be protected and used similar to a fence to keep out wild animals especially from livestock.

Can you regrow a hedge? ›

If a hedge is old and seriously overgrown, you'll need to do some rejuvenation pruning using the three-year rule. Remove up to one-third of the thickest stems down at the base of the plant, stimulating new growth; repeat the next year, and the year after.

Can you get rid of hedges? ›

Whether you find drains or nothing beneath your soon-to-be-removed hedge, the easiest option is to hire a tree surgeon or landscape contractor. They will cut down the plants to their stump and then remove the remains safely and quickly.

What makes hedges grow faster? ›

Fast growing shrubs are very low-maintenance, but if you want optimum growth, applying a high-nitrogen, slow-release fertilizer will help. It is best to apply in the spring right before growth begins.

What are the dimensions of a hedgerow? ›

A hedgerow is defined as any boundary line of trees or shrubs over 20m long and less than 5m wide at the base, provided that at one time the trees or shrubs were more or less continuous. It includes an earth bank or wall only where such a feature occurs in association with a line of trees or shrubs.

What is the best mulch for hedgerow? ›

Compost (garden or spent mushroom), leaf mould, well-rotted manure, wood or bark chippings or even seaweed all make excellent mulches for use not only under hedges but across the garden.

What is the difference between hedges and hedgerows? ›

A hedge is a linear form of woody vegetation, but a hedgerow, is a hedge with standard trees!

How long does it take to grow a hedgerow? ›

Waiting for a hedge to mature usually takes 5-6 years.

How much space do you need between hedging? ›

Generally speaking, we recommend planting most evergreen shrubs at a distance of 1-4 plants per metre (25-100cm) apart. Planting 25cm apart will allow the hedges to fill in the space quicker, but you will see just as much success if planting 50-100cm apart in the long run.

Do hedges need a lot of water? ›


Most of our hedges are highly drought-tolerant, but they do require regular water for the first few seasons while roots are becoming established. Additional water may be required in extremely hot, dry summers to keep hedges flourishing.

How long do hedges live? ›

A hedge should last at least 30 years, and some gardens have hedges 100 years old or more. Partly it depends on the plants used – if they can be trimmed hard back they can have a longer life – but it also depends on the maintenance given, and how the hedge was developed when young.

Are hedges hard to maintain? ›

But like all shrubs, hedges need regular watering, feeding, and pruning to look their best. Though folks may forget to give roots a good drink in hot weather or to fertilize in early spring with a good 10-10-10 formula, the last area is where most of us really lose it.

How close to plant trees for a hedge? ›

A good rule of thumb is to plant at least 12″ –24″ apart from the center of the tree. many evergreen trees may be spaced out anywhere from 6 to 12 feet, depending on the species. American arborvitae can be planted as close as three feet.

What kills hedgerow? ›

Use a systemic herbicide, which is a chemical that travels throughout the plant's entire system. Spray foliage with an herbicide with an active ingredient, such as glyphosate, triclopyr, dicamba or 2,4-D. Apply the herbicide during August and September, according to the Washington State University Extension.

What is the best compost for hedges? ›

Build in plenty of good-quality compost or organic matter such as well-rotted garden compost, manure, mushroom compost or composted bark. By doing this preparation 4-6 weeks in advance, the soil will be allowed to settle and will still be workable when you come to plant your hedge.


1. Hedgerows: Lifelines on Farmland
(National Biodiversity Data Centre)
2. Hedgerows & Nature / Cloughjordan Ecovillage / National Biodiversity Week 2021
3. Managing Healthy Hedgerows
(National Biodiversity Data Centre)
4. Signpost Series Webinar - Hedgerows and Hedgerow Networks Biodiversity
5. Hedgerow Project
(Watlington Climate Action)
6. Hedgerow management for the delivery of multiple ecosystem services
(GFEI University of Leeds)
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